Friday, 4 October 2013

Electrical Engineering Questions for Competative Exams

1. What is the difference between synchronous generator & asynchronous generator?
In simple, synchronous generator supply's both active and reactive power but asynchronous generator(induction generator) supply's only active power and observe reactive power for magnetizing.This type of generators are used in windmills.

2. 1 ton is equal to how many watts?
1 ton = 12000 BTU/hr and to convert BTU/hr to horsepower,
12,000 * 0.000929 = 4.715 hp therefore 1 ton = 4.715*.746 = .5 KW.

3. why syn. generators r used for the production of electricity?
synchronous machines have capability to work on different power factor(or say
different imaginary pow varying the field emf. Hence syn. generators r used for the production of electricity.

4. Enlist types of dc generator?
D.C.Generators are classified into two types:
1)separatly exicted d.c.generator
2)self exicted d.c.generator,
which is further classified into;1)series 2)shunt and compound(which is further classified into cumulative and differential).

5. What is Automatic Voltage regulator(AVR)?
AVR is an abbreviation for Automatic Voltage Regulator.It is important part in Synchronous Generators, it controls theoutput voltage of the generator by controlling its excitation current. Thus it can control the output Reactive Power of the Generator.

6. What is an exciter and how does it work?
There are two types of exciters, static exciter and rotory exciter.purpose of excitor is to supply the excitation dc voltage to the fixed poles of generator.Rotory excitor is an additional small generator mounted on the shaft of main generator. if it is dc generator, it will supply dc to the rotory poles through slip ring and brushes( conventional alternator). if it is an ac excitor, out put of ac excitor is rectified by rotating diodes and supply dc to main fixed excitor is the ac generator whose field winding are stationary and armature rotates. initial voltage is built up by residual magnetism.It gives the starting torque to the generator.

7. Difference between a four point starter and three point starter?
The shunt connection in four point stater is provided separately form the line where as in three point stater it is connected with line which is the drawback in three point stater

8. Why use the VCB at High Transmission System ? Why can't use ACB?
Actually the thing is vacuum has high arc queching property compare to air because in VCB ,the die electric strengths equal to 8 times of air . That y always vaccum used as inHT breaker and air used as in LT .

9. What is the difference between surge arrestor and lightning arrestor?
LA is installed outside and the effect of lightning is grounded,where as surge arrestor installed inside panels comprising of resistors which consumes the energy and nullify the effect of surge.

10. What happens if i connect a capacitor to a generator load?
Connecting a capacitor across a generator always improves power factor,but it will help depends up on the engine capacity of the alternator,other wise the alternator will be over loaded due to the extra watts consumed due to the improvement on pf. Secondly, don't connect a capacitor across an alternator while it is picking up or without any other load.


Post a Comment


Preparation for Engineering . Copyright 2012 All Rights Reserved